dragon is a mythical
creature that can fly and walk. Dragon can change its form
and has divine powers to summon wind and rain. Chinese people called
their country “the land of dragon” and themselves "the descendants
of dragon”. The dragon is the soul of Chinese Nation.
The Origin of Dragon In ancient times Chinese ancestors
lived in a hard condition. Their knowledge about nature was very
limited. Different tribes had different totems. They believed the
totems were their ancestors who could protect them and avert disasters.
One tribe lived in Central China on the middle and lower reaches
of the Yellow River who used the snake as their totem. Later on
when they conquered other tribes, they added parts of other totems
to their snake totem. For instance when the tribe with deer totem
was annexed, the deer's antlers were added to the head of the snake.
At last the mixture image of dragon came into being, which has deer's
antlers, camel's head, hare's eye, snake's neck, carp's scales,
eagle's claws, tiger's paws; and ox's ears.
In many Chinese legend stories, Nuwa and Fuxi are two ancestors
of mankind. Both of them have the face of a human but the body of
a snake or dragon. The Yellow Emperor was regarded as the ancestor
of the tribes in Central China. Legend has it that he had the body
of yellow dragon. Some legend said that he rised to heaven by riding
a divine yellow dragon. When the Xia Dynasty was established in
21 century BC, the dragon gradually became the ancestor of the royal
family only, which further strengthened the dragon’s dominant position
in Chinese culture. There was also one story in the Han Dynasty.
The first Han Emperor liu Bang was born due to his mother’s dream
that she had an affair with a red dragon. When Liu Bang was drunk
he often could not restrain himself from transforming back into
a dragon. So the emperor and the dragon were physically combined
together. An emperor was believed to be the heavenly son of real
dragon who ruled the world by divine right. Everything for the emperor
was added the word “dragon”. For instance, the throne was called
“dragon seat”, the emperor’s bed was called “dragon bed”, the
emperor’s robe was called “dragon robe”.
The image of dragon can be seen everywhere in the Imperial Palace
in Beijing. For example, there are 6 huge gilded columns lining
each side of the gilded throne in the Hall of Supreme Harmony, each
carved with a coiled dragon with its eyes gazing on the throne.
The screen behind the throne is also carved with dragons in various
postures. Even on the ceiling there are so many dragons’ images.
The Nine Dragon Screen Wall has nine dragons in different posture
and color. Actually the dragon became the symbol of the imperial
supreme power and authority.
Dragons Screen Wall in the Forbidden City
Dragon’s image appeared
in Chinese people’s life a long time ago. The famous jade dragon
was excavated in the Inner Mongolia, which can date back 6000 years
ago in Neolithic Age. For generations the folk stories and customs
relating to dragon have been very popular among the common people.
They often talk about dragon. They painted dragon or use the dragon
as the motif of the embroidery and paper-cut. The images of dragon
in such designs look lovely that contrast sharply with the majestic
images used in the palace. Chinese people believe that dragon can
bring good luck and keep evils away.
In china people have dragon dance to pray for good weather in order
to achieve bumper harvest. People also celebrate Dragon Boat Festival.
Flying dragon kite in spring is also popular among the people. Every
2nd of lunar February is the Dragon Raising Head Day in China. People
would like to cut hair on that day for good luck.
The Nine Sons of the Dragon There is a popular
saying in China: “The dragon has nine sons, but each of them is
different in appearance and they have different abilities and interests.”
The eldest son Qiuniu is keen on music, whose image can be seen
on many traditional Chinese instruments. Ya Zi is the second son
who is bad-tempered, and inclined to fight, so he often appears
on ancient weapons. He can be seen on sword-hilt, knife hilt and
battle axe. It is said that his figure can add power to these weapons.
Chao Feng is the third son, who is fearless, loves to take risks
and watch from high places, so he decorates the corners of palace
roofs in ancient China.
Pu Lao is the forth son, who is fond of roaring and his figure is
put on bell handles. He lives near the sea, though he is one son
of the dragon, but he fears to meet the big whale. When the whale
attacks he fears to roar loudly. Suan Ni is the fifth son who is
fond of smoke and fire; His figure is like lion. His likeness can
be seen on the legs of incense-burners. He is also used to guard
beside the main door. Baxia (or Bixi) is the sixth son, who has
great strength and likes to carrying heavy things. His figure is
like tortoise. So he is used to carry stone tablets with inscriptions.
In China, many famous steles are carried by Baxia. Bi An is the
seventh son. The figure of Bi An is like tiger. He is wise and can
tell who is good or evil, so his figure became decorations of prison
or court. Fuxi is the eighth son who loves literature; his figures
are carved on sides of stone tablets with inscriptions. Chi Wen
is the ninth son who likes swallowing things. So he is also called
the Ridge-Swallowing Beast. He is said to be in charge of rainfall,
so the design has the purpose of safeguarding palaces from fire.
are some handicrafts with dragon desigon. If you have interest please
contact me.If you have interest in silk rug with dragon design please
go to this web site to see more pictures. http://www.chinasilkcarpet.com/tpk11.htm
|This is a piece of embroidery
with two dragons. It is 20cm in diameter. With the frame it
is 30x32cm. The frame is made of wenge wood. It is packed with
a nice gift box. It costs 150USD including shipping.
||This is a
copper dragon statue. It is 12cm long, 6.5cm high and 2.3cm
thick. Dragon can ward off evil spirits and brign good luck.
It is good for Fengshui. This statue weighs around 300gramms.
It costs 35USD including shipping.