is also called "Duilian" or "Duizi". The couplet
for Chinese Spring Festival is called "Chunlian". Chinese
couplet consists of two sentences which are interrelated in meaning
and antithetic in form. The first line is called upper couplet which
is put up or hung on the right side and the other is called lower
couplet which is placed on the left side. Not only are the two lines
required having an equal number of characters, the words stand in
the same position in each of the two sentences must be antithetic
in form and in harmonious tone.
Legend has it that as early as in the Spring and Autumn Period (770BC-476BC)
there was the custom among Chinese people of hanging Taofu (peach
charm), made of peach wood and painted charm inscriptions or pictures
of Shentu and Yulei Gods on the door in order to ward off evil spirits.
By the end of the Tang Dynasty (618-907AD) people began to write two
auspicious antithetical lines on peach board instead of the two Gods.
According to historical records the first couplet was written on the
peach boards by Emperor Meng Chang during the Five Dynasties (907-960AD).
That couplet is “xin nian na yu qing, jia jie hao chang chun.” which
means enjoy the boon of the forefather in the New Year, the Festival
indicates the beautiful spring. Later on people wrote the couplet
on the red paper instead of on the peach board.
New Year Couplets Chunlian
New Year picture
When celebrating the Spring Festival Chinese people put the couplet
on the door. These couplets are called Spring Couplets (Chunlian).
It began from the Ming Dynasty (1368-1644AD). Zhu Yuanzhang, the
first Ming Emperor issued an imperial decree to order the people
put up the couplets on the door at Chinese Spring Festival thus
brought the Spring Couplets prevalence. Actually the Spring Couplets
which convey the blessing and people’s good wish that really add
the jubilant atmosphere to the New Year’s Festival.
Chinese couplets are always hung on the pillars of palaces or temples,
which add much charming to the beautiful scenery and the architecture
Usually Chinese couplet is very short with a few characters. However
some of them can be .considerable long. One poet named Sun Ranweng
from the Qing Dynasty once wrote a couplet for Grand View Tower
in Kunming. That couplet has 180 characters. It was regarded as
the No1 long Couplet.
For different business they have different couplets. For example
the couplet for book store can be like this: “ yu zhi qian gu shi,
xu du wu che shu” which means “If one wants to know the events of
one thousand years, he needs to read five carts of books”. The couplet
for hotels can be like this: “ huan ying chun xia qiu dong ke, kuan
dai dong xi nan bei ren” which means “ Welcome guests in spring,
summer, autumn and winter, entertain people from east, west, south
People sometimes wrote couplets for friends or for themselves as
an aphorism. For example the couplet “shu shan you jing qing wei
lu, xue hai wu ya ku zuo zhou” is very popular among the scholars.
It means “Diligent study is the path to the summit of knowledge,
hardworking is the boat across the sea of great learning. Chinese
couplets are always used to offer congratulations for birthday,
marriage. At the same time it was also used to express one’s condolences
to the family of the deceased.
Chinese Spring Festival Picture is Chinese New Year picture which
is called Nianhua in Chinese. It originated in the Pre-Qin Period
(before 221 BC). During the Han Dynasties (206B-220AD), people liked
to paste the images of various gods on both sides of the door, expecting
them to ward off the evils and usher in good luck. These images
are called "the Door Gods”. Since people pasted them up during
the Spring Festival, these pictures gained a special significance
for the Spring Festival occasion. The art of printing from engraved
plates, which was invented in the Tang Dynasty (618-907AD), brought
about further development of New Year’s Pictures. Before the Tang
Dynasty, New Year’s Pictures in most cases were images of deities
and spirits. After the Tang Dynasty, some works came to reflect
the reality, and the images of the door-gods turned into two generals:
Qin Qiong and Yuchi Jingde. There were more New Year Pictures produced
in the Song Dynasty (960-1279AD), and xylographic (Woodblock) New
Year Pictures of religious themes developed gradually in the Ming
Dynasty (1368-1644AD). In the Qing dynasties, xylographic New Year
Pictures reached a new height of development and they came into
the homes of the ordinary people. In the Qing Dynasty, most of the
provinces had their own workshops for making New Year’s Pictures.
The main producers included Mianzhu of Sichuan, Wuqiang of Hebei,
Zhuxianzhen of Henan, Shaoxing of Zhejiang, Taohuawu of Suzhou,
Yangliuqing of Tianjin, Weifang of Shandong, Foshan of Guangdong,
and so on.
Judging from their development, there are two schools of New Year
Pictures: the southern school and the northern school. The representatives
of the northern school are those from Yangliuqing of Tianjin and Weifang
of Shandong. New Year Pictures produced in Yangliuqing originated
in the late Ming Dynasty and reached its peak in the Qing Dynasty.
The subjects were mainly images from traditional operas, chubby babies
and beautiful fairies. A rich composition and refined drawing style
showed its artistic traits. New Year Pictures produced in Weifang
mainly dealt with fairy tales, legends and auspicious designs. A style
of simplicity, with bold and vigorous lines and bright colors, showed
its characteristics. The most famous New Year Pictures of the southern
school were those from Taohuawu of Suzhou and Foshan of Guangdong.
Both originated in the Ming Dynasty and reached their peak in the
reigns of Emperor Emperor Qianlong of the Qing Dynasty (1736-1796AD).
While influenced by traditional styles, it also reflected certain
features of European copper-plate printing. After the introduction
of lithographic and offset printing into China, xylographic New Year
Pictures were under great pressure and almost on the brink of decline.
However, after the founding of the People’s Republic of China in 1949,
traditional xylographic New Year Pictures were reborn. Many New Year
Pictures, excellent in both content and form were produced and the
themes focused mainly on the real life of the people. Along with the
improvement of printing technology, there are more and more new materials
for New Year’s Pictures. This traditional artistic form is full of
vigor and widely loved by the people.
you have interest in Chinese couplets (Duilian) I can help you to
purchase from the calligraphers. You can use them by your own or send
them to friends for gifts. In China people will put on couplets to
celebrate Chinese New Year, birthday, baby birth, wedding, moving
to a new house, opening for business, getting promotion and so on.
Depending on the different situation the contents will be various.
We can meet your different demands. The couplets below are 108cm long
and 20cm wide. Couplet A costs 10USD, Couplet B costs 12USD, Couplet
C costs 15USD. It will cost around 10USD for shipping. If you order
more than one set each extra set’s shipping cost is only 3USD more.
The calligrapher can write the different couplets with good meaning
and we can translate into English to email you.If you have special
request please let me know.
A (Black Ink)
B( Gold Ink)
C( Black Ink with Gold Ink)
are some Chinese characters written on the red paper. It is around
34x34cm. Each costs 6USD and the shipping cost is 10USD. If you
order more than one each extra one you only need to pay 3USD more
Wealth and Fortune
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